Phone: (905) 522-2220
Fax: (905) 522-2280

200 James St. South,
Suite 305, Hamilton
ON L8P 3A9

Monday - Thursday
8:00am - 4:30pm
Friday 8:00am - 4:00pm

Saturday 8:00am - 2:00pm (on occasion)
Sunday Closed



Cysts are common and most are benign. SUGO uses the most advanced techniques to evaluate for ovarian cysts and implements leading-edge methods to describe them and determine risk of cancer.

Ovarian cysts are one of the most complex gynecologic issues patients and their healthcare providers face. They are incredibly common and can be incredibly scary for patients! The interesting thing about ovarian cysts is that most are benign and there is little to no reason to be frightened. In fact, most times something that is called an “ovarian cyst” on ultrasound is not actually a cyst; instead, it is simple a normal spherical ball of fluid the ovary makes – a follicle containing an egg! In other cases, a cyst is real and needs to be thoroughly evaluated to determine the type of cyst and whether there is a risk of cancer. We understand patients want certainty about the nature of a “cyst” in the ovary and at SUGO, we will use the latest techniques to evaluate the ovary. The International Ovarian Tumour Analysis (IOTA) group has published on easy descriptors, the Simple Rules, and the ADNEX model. The O-RADS system is slowly being adopted but we will use this to help our referring doctors decide what the best course of action is for their patients.

Some common examples of benign cysts are hemorrhagic cysts, dermoid cysts, serous cysts, endometriomas, and mucinous cysts. Each of these has characteristic appearances on ultrasound. Precision in the diagnosis allows for the patients and the referring doctor to discuss the most appropriate treatment strategies if any at all. In many cases, benign ovarian masses only require observation.